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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Lev (BGN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 110900  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 7278  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 65.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sofia (1174)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 50972  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 47727  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 28894  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7003.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6459.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3760.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6841.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6330.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3756.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 21.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.48 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.47 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -735  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -796  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3347  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 191  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 178  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 130  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 103  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 98  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 12.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 31.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 33.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 34.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 6.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 8.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 47.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 56.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 6541  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6047  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 4837  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6926  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 6661  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 145.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 136.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 80.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 55.2 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 46.2 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 20.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 26698.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 32743.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -6044.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (10.2), Turkey (9.4), Italy (8.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (20.2), Germany (9.7), Italy (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 74.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 13.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 29.8/22.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.2/69.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 63.4 Age group 20 to 44 years. 1997-1998.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 84.1/1.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4998 Refugee figure relates to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 93.9/97.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.0/6.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 24.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 84  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 36.7  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 44642/6.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1958.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 571 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.0/15.1 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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