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Map
Bulgaria
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Lev (BGN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 110879  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7446  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 67.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sofia (1174)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 53514  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 47727  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 28894  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 7187.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6368.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3734.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 6999.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6242.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3730.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1.51 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.47 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 579  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -591  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3347  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 186  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 178  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 130  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 103  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 98  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 11.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 33.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 34.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 8.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 48.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 60.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 56.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 6328  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6047  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 4837  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6359 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 6661  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 171.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 165.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 112.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 51.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 46.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 28165.2  
Imports (million US$) 2011 32493.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -4328.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Germany (11.9), Romania (9.6), Turkey (8.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Russian Federation (17.7), Germany (11.0), Italy (7.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 73.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 28.1/21.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/70.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 63.4 Age group 20 to 44 years. 1997-1998.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 107.2/1.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7072  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.4/94.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.0/6.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 42770/5.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1843.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 571  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.0/15.1  
Trade Profile
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