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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 110900  
Population (est., 000) 7168  
Pop. density (per sq km) 64.6  
Capital city Sofia  
Capital city pop. (000) 1222  
Currency Lev (BGN)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 54481  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 48669  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 29300  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 7542.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6586.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3813.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 7408.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6424.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3812.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.42 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.47 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 963  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -796  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3347  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 193  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 178  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 130  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 105 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 103 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 12.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 31.3 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 33.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 34.2 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 6.4 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.8  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 8.9 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 47.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 59.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 56.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 6898  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6047  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 4837  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 491 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 442  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 444  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 145.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 138.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 81.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 53.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 46.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 20.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 29512.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 34306.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -4794.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (12.3), Turkey (9.0), Italy (8.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (18.5), Germany (10.8), Italy (7.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 73.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 13.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 30.1/22.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.2/69.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 69.2 Age group 20 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 84.1/1.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 6368 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 93.6/96.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 54.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 20.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 86  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 37.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 31.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 49339/6.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 105.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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