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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 5765  
Population (est., 000) 423  
Pop. density (per sq km) 73.4  
Capital city Bandar Seri Begawan  
Capital city pop. (000) 14  
Currency Brunei Dollar (BND)  
UN membership date 21 September 1984  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 16111  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12371  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9531  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 38563.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 30882.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 25913.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 38750.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 31032.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 25913.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.27 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.29 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 5684 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 3977 2009.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 4033  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 106 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 105 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 101  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 94 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 114 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 167  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 139  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 75  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 167  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 140  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 75  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 52.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 75.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 225 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 214 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 126 Arrivals by air.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 773 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 775  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 853  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 112.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 63.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 64.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 36.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 11447.2  
Imports (million US$) 2013 3612.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 7834.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Japan (39.8), Republic of Korea (16.3), India (7.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Malaysia (21.9), Singapore (19.1), United States (11.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 76.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 24.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 8.1/8.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 102.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/76.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 206.2/49.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 20524  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 100.7/100.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 61.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 187  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 71.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 29.7  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 9743/24.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 392.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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