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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Brunei Dollar (BND)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 5765  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 412  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 71.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bandar Seri Begawan (16)  
United Nations membership date 21 September 1984  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 16954  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12371  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9531  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 41126.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 30882.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 25913.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 41326.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 31032.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 25913.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 13.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.22 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.29 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 3977 2009.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 4033  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 108  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 105 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 101  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 88 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 88 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 87  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 136  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 87  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 52.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 75.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 209 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 214 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 126 Air arrivals.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 19651  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 21407  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 113.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 109.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 64.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 60.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 36.5  
Exports (million US$) 2012 13000.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 3572.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 9428.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Japan (44.1), Republic of Korea (15.7), India (8.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Singapore (23.5), Malaysia (19.9), China (11.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 76.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 25.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 7.6/7.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 102.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/76.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 206.2/49.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 20524  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.9/102.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 61.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 187  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 71.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 9153/22.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 9393.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2913  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/31.8  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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