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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 5765  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 429  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 81.4  
Capital city 2015 Bandar Seri Begawan  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 14 2014.  
Currency 2015 Brunei Dollar (BND)  
UN membership date 2013 21 September 1984  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 17104  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 13707  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 10561  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 -2.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 2.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 0.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 40978.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 34851.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 29183.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 0.9 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 0.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 0.9 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 66.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 67.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 72.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 32.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 31.9 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 27.0 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 0.6 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 1.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2001.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 18.7 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 21.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2001.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 80.8 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 77.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2001.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 1.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 1.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 51.1/75.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 54.1/76.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 55.2/78.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 105  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 105 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 167 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 139  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 75  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 167 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 140  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 75  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 79 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 88 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 4750  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5016 Break in the time series.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 4033  
Exports (million US$) 2015 10508.8 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 3598.7 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 6910.1 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Japan (37.2), Republic of Korea (11.0), India (9.1) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Malaysia (20.6), Singapore (20.4), China (9.9) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 77.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/76.6  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 38  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 102.7/24.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 201 Arrivals by air.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 20524  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 2.7  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.4 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.8  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 107.6/107.3  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 99.1/99.1  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 40.1/23.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.5 2013.  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 110.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 68.8 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 61.0  
Threatened species 2015 189  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 72.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 7785/18.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 710  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 310.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 29.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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