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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Real (BRL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 8514877  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 198656  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 23.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brasília (3813)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2254109  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2143035  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 882044  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 11346.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10978.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4738.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 11169.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10780.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4602.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 18.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 2.05 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.69 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.34 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -54246  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -47273  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 13985  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 214  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 190  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 151  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 112 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 115 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 127  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.5 Age group 10 years and over. Main cities or metropolitan areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.7 Age group 10 years and over. Main cities or metropolitan areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.9 Age group 10 years and over. Main cities or metropolitan areas.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.9 2011. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. 2009. August.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. September.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 15.3 2011. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 17.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. 2009. August.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. September.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 59.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 59.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 58.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 80.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 82.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 5677  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5161  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5358  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 176286  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 138589  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 125.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 101.0 Methodology revised.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 46.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 49.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 40.7 Age group 10 years and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 21.0 Age group 10 years and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 242579.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 223149.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 19430.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (17.0), United States (11.1), Argentina (7.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (15.3), United States (14.6), Argentina (7.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.0  
Urban population (%) 2013 85.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 24.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 12.2/10.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/70.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 80.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 599.7/0.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 13429  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.4/54.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 8.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 937  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 61.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 419411/2.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 930.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1552 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.1/26.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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