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Map
Brazil
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Real (BRL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 8514877  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 196655  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 23.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brasília (3813)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 2476651  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2143035  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 882044  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 12594.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10993.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4743.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 12356.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10795.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4606.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 19.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1.86 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.69 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.34 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -52612  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -47323  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 13984  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 203  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 190  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 151  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 115 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 115 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 6.0 Age group 10 years and over. 6 metropolitan areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.7 Age group 10 years and over. 6 metropolitan areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.9 Age group 10 years and over. 6 metropolitan areas.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 10 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 10 years and over. August. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 10 years and over. September.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 10 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 17.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 10 years and over. August. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 10 years and over. September.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 59.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 59.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 58.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 82.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 5433  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5161  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5358  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 165973 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 138589  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 145.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 67.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 45.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 40.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 21.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 256038.7  
Imports (million US$) 2011 226243.4  
Balance (million US$) 2011 29795.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (17.3), United States (10.1), Argentina (8.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (15.1), China (14.5), Argentina (7.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.0  
Urban population (%) 2012 84.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.9/9.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/70.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 80.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 688.0/0.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 9147  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 118.8/115.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.4/54.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 1008  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 62.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 366847/1.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 842.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1552  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.1/26.6  
Trade Profile
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