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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Pula (BWP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 582000  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 2004  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 3.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Gaborone (202)  
United Nations membership date 17 October 1966  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 14411  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 13747  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9931  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7191.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6980.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5294.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6994.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6883.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4863.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 36.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 31.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 7.77 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.44 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1077  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -298  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1634  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 265  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 227  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 146  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 142  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 143  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.2 2006. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 12 years and over. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.9 2006. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 12 years and over. Excludes conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 71.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2145  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1474  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 692  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 689  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 150.1 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 117.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 30.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 11.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 6.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.3 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5971.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 8025.3  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -2054.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United Kingdom (60.7), South Africa (13.1), Israel (5.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 South Africa (62.8), United Kingdom (16.8), Namibia (5.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 63.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 33.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.9/4.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 46.5/48.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 31.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 52.8 Age group 12 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 146.5/7.3 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 3496  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 9.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.3/94.9 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 11.1/34.1 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 9.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 22  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 19.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 5229/2.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 910.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 552 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.3/28.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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