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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 582000  
Population (est., 000) 2039  
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.5  
Capital city Gaborone  
Capital city pop. (000) 247  
Currency Pula (BWP)  
UN membership date 17 October 1966  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 14778  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 13747  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9931  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 7311.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6980.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5294.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 7228.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6699.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4848.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 33.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 31.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 8.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.44 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 1769  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -825  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1634  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 281  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 227  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 146  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 130  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 18.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 17.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 22.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.2 2006. ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 12 and over. Excluding conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.9 2006. ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 12 and over. Excluding conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 71.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 81.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2145  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1474  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 41 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 30  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 29  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 160.6 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 120.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 30.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 15.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 6.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.3 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 7573.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 7433.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 139.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United Kingdom (49.0), Belgium (12.9), South Africa (10.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 South Africa (65.8), United Kingdom (7.3), Namibia (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2014 57.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 33.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.1/5.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 46.5/48.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 31.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 52.8 Age group 12 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 146.5/7.3 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 3029  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 9.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 95.3/94.9 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 18.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 9.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 24  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 19.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 29.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 97.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 64.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 4855/2.5  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 38.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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