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Map
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Convertible Marka (BAM)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 51209  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3752  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 73.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sarajevo (389)  
United Nations membership date 22 May 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 18037  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16647  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 10948  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 4807.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4427.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2896.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 4903.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4516.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3019.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1.51 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.46 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -1588  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -946  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1844  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 122 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 118 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 143 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 135 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 28.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. April.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 31.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. April.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. April.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 19.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. April.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 19.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. April.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. April.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 35.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 35.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 32.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 58.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 58.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 56.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 392 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 365 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 217 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6973 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 5945  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 110.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 109.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 67.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 60.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 52.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 21.3  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5850.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 11050.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -5200.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Germany (14.7), Croatia (14.6), Serbia (12.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Croatia (14.3), Germany (10.6), Russian Federation (10.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 48.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 21.9/18.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.4/73.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 35.7 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 27.8/0.7 Estimates. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 177821  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.8/88.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 76  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 43.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 30074/8.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2209.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 931  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.8/15.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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