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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Convertible Mark (BAM)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 51209  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3834  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 74.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sarajevo (389)  
United Nations membership date 22 May 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 17319  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16775  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 10947  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 4517.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4361.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2821.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 4572.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4415.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2942.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.48 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.46 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.66 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1633  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1029  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1844  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 122 Index base 2005=100. 2011. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 118 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 30.3 April. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 31.0 April. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.7 April. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 20.5 April. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 19.7 April. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.6 April. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 34.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 34.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 31.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 57.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 57.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 56.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 439 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 365 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 217 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6858  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 5945  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 89.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 82.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 42.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 65.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 52.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 21.3  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5161.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 10019.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -4857.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (15.4), Croatia (14.8), Italy (12.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Croatia (14.4), Germany (11.3), Russian Federation (9.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 49.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 15.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 23.1/18.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 95.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.8/73.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 35.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 23.2/0.6 Estimates. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 167714  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 21.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 80  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 42.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 31100/8.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2298.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 931 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.8/15.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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