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Map
Bhutan
Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Ngultrum (BTN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 38394  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 738  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 19.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Thimphu (99)  
United Nations membership date 21 September 1971  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1725  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1585  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 819  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 11.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 2336.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2183.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1242.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 2292.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2088.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1223.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 53.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 51.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 49.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 53.26 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 44.81 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 45.07 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -355  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -142  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -79 2006.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 170  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 9.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. March to May.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 6.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. March to April.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. May. Population census.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 60.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. March to May.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 59.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. March to April.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 43.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. May. Population census.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 65.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 63.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 66  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 41  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 636 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 287  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 69.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 57.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 10.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 21.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 13.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 453.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 1051.7  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -598.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 India (75.7), China, Hong Kong SAR (16.2), Bangladesh (5.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 India (72.3), Republic of Korea (6.0), Singapore (3.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 36.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.4/7.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 112.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.8/65.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 38.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 40.3/5.7  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.8/90.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.5/5.9 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 61  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 69.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 421/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 352.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 799 Wangdi Phodrang.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.0/24.3 Wangdi Phodrang.  
Trade Profile
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