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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Ngultrum (BTN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 38394  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 742  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 19.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Thimphu (99)  
United Nations membership date 21 September 1971  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1861  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1585  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 819  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 11.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 2508.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2211.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1259.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 2386.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2112.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1241.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 64.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 59.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 53.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 54.78 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 44.81 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 45.06 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -350  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -142  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -38 2006.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 188  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 8.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. March to April.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 6.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. March to April.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Population census. May. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 62.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. March to April.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 59.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. March to April.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 43.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Population census. May. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 66.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 63.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 76.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 105 From 2010, regional high end tourists are included in the total figures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 41 From 2010, regional high end tourists are included in the total figures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14 From 2010, regional high end tourists are included in the total figures.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 692  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 287  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 74.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 54.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 25.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 13.6 Country estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.9  
Exports (million US$) 2012 453.0 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1051.7 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -598.7 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 India (75.7), China, Hong Kong SAR (16.2), Bangladesh (5.8) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 India (72.3), Republic of Korea (6.0), Singapore (3.8) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 37.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.6/7.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 116.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.4/67.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 30.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 65.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 50.9/6.8  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.6/92.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.5/5.9 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 8.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 62  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 84.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 476/0.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 418.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 799 Wangdi Phodrang. Based on monthly averages for the period 1990-2005.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.0/24.3 Wangdi Phodrang. Based on monthly averages for the period 1990-2005.  
Trade Profile
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