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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 38394  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 784  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 20.6  
Capital city 2015 Thimphu  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 152 2014.  
Currency 2015 Ngultrum (BTN)  
UN membership date 2013 21 September 1971  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 1965  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1585  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 819  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 11.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 2568.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2201.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1257.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 17.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 17.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 23.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 44.0  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 44.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 37.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 39.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 37.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 39.5  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 56.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 59.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 43.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 11.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 6.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 32.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 33.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 39.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 2.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 58.3/72.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 63.8/74.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 65.2/77.7 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 222  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 97 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 97 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -484  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -323  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 ...  
Exports (million US$) 2015 531.2 2012.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 991.7 2012.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -460.5 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 India (93.7), Bangladesh (4.1), Italy (0.4) 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 India (78.8), Republic of Korea (3.1), China (2.5) 2012.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 38.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 69.1/68.6  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 47  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 51.1/6.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 134  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 30  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.6  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.3 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.9  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 102.9/101.4  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 87.1/81.4  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 9.2/12.6 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 2.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 8.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 82.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 34.4 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 4.0 2013.  
Threatened species 2015 71  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 71.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 884/1.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 75  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 83.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 47.3  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 77.9/33.1  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 7.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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