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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 114763  
Population (est., 000) 10600  
Pop. density (per sq km) 94.1  
Capital city Porto-Novo Porto-Novo is the constitutional capital and Cotonou is the economic capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 268  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 8307  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6558  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4358  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 804.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 689.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 532.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 800.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 684.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 530.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 26.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -577 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -530  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -226  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 148 Cotonou.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134 Cotonou. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 115 Cotonou.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 114 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 77 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 145  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 150  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 1.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 1.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 1.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 67.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 66.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 78.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 78.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 231  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 199  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 176  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 91 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 86  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 70  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 93.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 74.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 4.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 3.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.3  
Exports (million US$) 2013 639.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 3780.7  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -3141.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (18.8), India (11.1), Nigeria (11.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (27.9), France (8.9), India (8.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 43.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 42.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.2/4.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.6/57.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 68.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 12.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 234.2/2.3 Refers to foreign-born and foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 298  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 81.0/98.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 21.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 8.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 8.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 74  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 39.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 22.3  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 76.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 14.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 4987/0.5  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 16.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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