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Map
Benin
Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 114763  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9100  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 79.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Porto-Novo (315) Porto-Novo is the constitutional capital, Cotonou is the seat of government.  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 7295  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6558  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4358  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 802.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 741.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 571.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 793.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 741.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 567.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 506.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -618  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -270  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 137 Cotonou.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134 Cotonou. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 115 Cotonou.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 134 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 67.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 66.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 78.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 78.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 209  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 199  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 176  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 87.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 81.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 3.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 3.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.3  
Exports (million US$) 2011 434.5 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 1494.3 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -1059.8 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Nigeria (48.5), China (11.6), India (5.2) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 France (16.3), China (12.6), Togo (10.9) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2012 45.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/3.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 58.7/54.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 76.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 232.0/2.5 Data refer to foreign-born and foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7575  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 79.9/101.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 21.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.9/25.6 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 66  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 41.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4851/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 169.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1308 Cotonou.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.3/30.1 Cotonou.  
Trade Profile
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