Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 30528  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 11060  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 362.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brussels (1486) Demographic Yearbook 2012.  
United Nations membership date 27 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 483402  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 471586  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 377350  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -0.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 43706.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 43101.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 35910.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 44125.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 43949.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 36145.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -9698  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 8468  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 7703  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 111  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 119  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 117  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 7.5 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.3 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.4 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 1.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 46.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 59.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 61.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 7591 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7186 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6747 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 4788  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 4321  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 119.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 113.5 Number of active clients. Includes mobile virtual network operator.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 92.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 82.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 75.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 55.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 446854.4  
Imports (million US$) 2012 437882.7  
Balance (million US$) 2012 8971.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (17.4), France (15.6), Netherlands (12.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Netherlands (20.7), Germany (14.1), France (10.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 97.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 17.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 26.1/21.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/77.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 74.6 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1159.8/10.4 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 27599 Refugee figure relates to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.2/106.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 41.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 31  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 22.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 108857/10.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 3790.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 820 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.7/13.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta