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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 30528  
Population (est., 000) 11144  
Pop. density (per sq km) 365.1  
Capital city Brussels  
Capital city pop. (000) 2029 Refers to the population of Brussels-Capital Region and 'communes' of the agglomeration and suburbs.  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 27 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 524806  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 484404  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 386945  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 0.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 47260.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 44273.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 36823.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 46784.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 45097.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 37156.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -18481  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 8468  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 7703  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 132  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 111  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 102 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 85 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 8.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 21.8 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.7 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 1.2 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.4  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.0 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 59.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 61.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 7684 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7186 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6747 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 660 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 635  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 577  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 110.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 111.1 Number of active clients. Including mobile virtual network operator.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 91.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 82.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 75.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 55.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 511492.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 488442.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 23050.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (16.9), France (15.6), Netherlands (12.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Netherlands (20.4), Germany (13.6), France (10.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 97.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 17.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 26.4/22.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/77.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 70.4 Age group 18 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1159.8/10.4 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 42005  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 104.5/106.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 55.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 39.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 31  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 22.5  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 24.3  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 97766/8.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 210.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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