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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 207600  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 9482  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 46.7  
Capital city 2015 Minsk  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1915 Including communities under the authority of the Town Council.  
Currency 2015 Belarusian Ruble (BYR)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 76139  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 55221  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 30210  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 1.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 9.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 8014.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5817.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3133.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 8.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 10.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 9.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 41.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 40.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 43.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 50.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 49.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 46.8  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 9.6 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 16 years and over. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 10.5 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 33.2 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 16 years and over. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 34.1 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 57.2 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 16 years and over. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 55.3 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 5.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 54.6/68.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 54.5/67.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 53.8/66.6 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 623 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 384 Annual average is weighted mean of monthly data.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 116 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 116 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 163 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 146 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -5197  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -8280  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 459  
Exports (million US$) 2015 26757.9  
Imports (million US$) 2015 29940.9  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -3183.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Russian Federation (38.3), United Kingdom (11.3), Ukraine (9.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Russian Federation (56.3), China (6.9), Germany (4.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2015 76.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.0/65.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 43  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 1082.9/11.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 137 Package tour only.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 7928  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.7  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 3.9  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.0  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 99.1/98.9  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.1/107.9  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 102.0/76.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 27.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 122.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 59.0 Population age 6+.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 82.0  
Threatened species 2015 21  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 42.4 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 63769/6.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 167  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 120.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 8.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.9/99.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 94.1/95.2  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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