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Map
Bangladesh
Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Taka (BDT)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 147570  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 150494  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1019.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dhaka (15391)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1974  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 106200  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 99689  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 57628  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 6.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 706.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 670.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 410.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 764.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 733.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 431.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 24.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 81.85 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 70.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 66.21 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 244  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 2109  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -176  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 203 Government officials.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Government officials.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 127 Government officials.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 173 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 148 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Year ending in June of the year indicated.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 48.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Year ending in June of the year indicated.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 57.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 84.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 303  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 208  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 17665 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 12262  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 57.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 47.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 5.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 3.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 13143.0 2007.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 17622.9 2007.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -4479.9 2007.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (25.7), Germany (15.2), United Kingdom (9.5) 2007.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (15.6), India (13.2), Kuwait (7.2) 2007.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 28.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.2/68.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 55.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1085.3/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 229671  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.3/12.4 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 124  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 50996/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 146.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2154  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.5/30.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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