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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Taka (BDT)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 147570  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 154695  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 1048.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dhaka (15391)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1974  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 127195  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 112412  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 64989  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 822.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 743.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 454.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 892.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 805.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 472.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 28.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 79.85 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 70.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 66.21 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 2648  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 2106  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -176  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 221 Government officials.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Government officials.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 127 Government officials.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 190 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 148 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Year ending in June of the year indicated.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 48.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Year ending in June of the year indicated.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 57.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 84.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 303  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 208  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 18967  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 12262  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 63.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 45.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 6.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 3.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 29.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 30.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.8/7.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 102.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.3/69.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 32.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 61.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1396.5/0.9 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 231146  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 80.8/73.7 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.3/12.4 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 20.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 130  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 11.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 56107/0.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 159.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2154 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.5/30.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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