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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 147570  
Population (est., 000) 158513  
Pop. density (per sq km) 1100.8  
Capital city Dhaka  
Capital city pop. (000) 16982 Mega city.  
Currency Taka (BDT)  
UN membership date 17 September 1974  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 153505  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 114586  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 66240  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 980.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 758.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 462.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1059.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 819.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 481.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 28.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 77.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 70.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 66.21 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 2366  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1168  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 508  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 247 Government officials. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Government officials.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 127 Government officials.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 142 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCD). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 136  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.5 ISIC Rev.3. Year ending in June of the year indicated.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 48.1 ISIC Rev.3. Year ending in June of the year indicated.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 57.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 84.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 148  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 303  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 208  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1347 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1300  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1047  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 67.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 45.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 6.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 3.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 24313.7 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 41221.7 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -16908.0 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (21.0), Germany (15.6), United Kingdom (9.5) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Thailand (22.8), India (11.2), China (8.8) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 33.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 29.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.8/7.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 102.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.3/69.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 32.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 61.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1396.5/0.9 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 232597 Including 200,000 persons originating from Myanmar in a refugee-like situation.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 80.8/73.7 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 41.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 20.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 132  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 11.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 85.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 57.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 57070/0.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 10.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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