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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 207600  
Population (est., 000) 9308  
Pop. density (per sq km) 44.8  
Capital city Minsk  
Capital city pop. (000) 1905 Including communities under the authority of the Town Council.  
Currency Belarussian Ruble (BYR)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 71710  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 55221  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 30210  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 0.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 7664.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5818.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3125.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 7374.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5695.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3131.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 36.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 39.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 9510.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3000.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2152.00 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -7656  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -8280  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 459  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 623 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 384 Annual average is the weighted mean of monthly data.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 110 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 69 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 33.7 2009. Population census. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 10.5 2009. Population census. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 50.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 49.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 63.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 61.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 137 Organized tourism.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 120 Organized tourism.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 91 Organized tourism.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 172 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 173  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 159  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 118.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 42.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 54.2 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 31.8 Population aged 16 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 16.2 2006. Population aged 16 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 37203.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 43022.7  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -5819.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Russian Federation (45.0), Ukraine (11.3), Netherlands (9.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (52.5), Germany (7.1), China (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 76.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 15.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 24.0/14.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 86.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.7/64.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 63.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1085.4/11.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 7442  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 101.7/103.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 5.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 27.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 22  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 42.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 8.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 94.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 63303/6.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 136.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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