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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 767  
Population (est., 000) 1344  
Pop. density (per sq km) 1936.8  
Capital city Manama  
Capital city pop. (000) 398 Refers to the urban area of the municipality of Al-Manamah.  
Currency Bahraini Dinar (BHD)  
UN membership date 21 September 1971  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 32898  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 25713  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 15969  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 24694.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 20545.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 18155.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 21477.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 18649.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 17686.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.38 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 2560  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 770  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1474  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 127  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 120  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 110 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 85 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 207  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 207  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 92  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 35.3 Population census. April. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.0 2004. ISIC Rev.3. November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.1 Population census. April. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 0.8 2004. ISIC Rev.3. November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 39.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 39.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 36.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 86.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 87.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 9163 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 11952 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6313 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 825 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 840  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 672  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 165.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 87.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 90.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 55.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 21.3  
Exports (million US$) 2013 22561.9 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 17643.3 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 4918.6 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ... 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Saudi Arabia (45.9), China (7.7), Brazil (7.1) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 88.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 21.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.5/3.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 163.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/75.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 61.8 1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 729.4/54.8 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 346  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 101.6/99.7 1999.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 59.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 7.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 33  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 0.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 4.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 99.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 23439/18.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 400.0  
Trade Profile
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