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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Azerbaijan Manat (AZN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 86600  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 9309 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 107.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Baku (2123)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 68727  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 52906  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13245  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 28.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7382.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5817.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1546.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6877.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5468.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1370.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 21.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 41.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.78 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.92 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 14976  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 15040  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 167  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 204  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 125  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 186  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 200  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.7 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 14.3 December.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 13.7 December.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 12.1 Official estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 37.7 December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 38.2 December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 39.3 Official estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 62.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 61.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 59.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 68.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1986  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1280  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 693  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 67370 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 28101  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 107.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 99.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 26.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 54.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 46.0 Age group 7 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 8.0  
Exports (million US$) 2012 23827.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 9641.7  
Balance (million US$) 2012 14185.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Italy (23.3), India (7.9), France (7.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Turkey (15.8), Russian Federation (14.3), Germany (8.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Urban population (%) 2013 54.1 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 22.2 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 9.7/7.4 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.8 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.8/67.5 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 39.6 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 51.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 323.8/3.4 Includes Nagorno-Karabakh. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 605548  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.2/99.2 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.7/23.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 48  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 11.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 45694/5.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1255.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 210 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.0/18.1 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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