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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 86600  
Population (est., 000) 9515 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 109.9 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Capital city Baku  
Capital city pop. (000) 2317 Including communities under the authority of the Town Council.  
Currency Azerbaijan Manat (AZN)  
UN membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 73557  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 52906  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13246  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 28.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 7814.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5817.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1546.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 7376.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5468.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1370.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 24.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 41.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.78 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.92 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 12232  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 15040  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 167  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 204  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 125  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 95 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 50 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 142  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 14.3 December. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 13.7 December. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 12.1 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 37.7 December. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 38.2 December. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 39.3 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 62.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 61.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 59.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 69.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2130  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1280  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 693  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 2458 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2759  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1155  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 107.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 100.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 26.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 58.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 46.0 Population aged 7 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 8.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 23904.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 10763.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 13140.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Italy (25.1), Indonesia (11.6), Thailand (7.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (14.1), Turkey (13.8), United Kingdom (12.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Urban population (%) 2014 54.4 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 22.2 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.0/7.7 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.9 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.8/67.5 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 39.6 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Including Nagorno-Karabakh.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 51.1 2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 323.8/3.4 Including Nagorno-Karabakh. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 611540  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 98.6/100.3 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 50.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 15.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 92  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 11.3  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 14.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 80.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 82.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 33458/3.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 60.0  
Trade Profile
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