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Map
Australia
Summary statistics
Region Oceania  
Currency Australian Dollar (AUD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 7692024  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 22606 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Canberra (399)  
United Nations membership date 1 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1515468  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1283352  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 759697  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 67039.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 57631.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 37234.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 64936.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 55401.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 35787.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 27.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.98 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.98 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.36 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -32882  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -35666  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -41728  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 139  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 116  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 110 Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 110 Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 5.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.1 Average of quarterly estimates. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.3 Average of February, May, August and November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.3 Average of quarterly estimates. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.6 Average of February, May, August and November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 72.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 5875 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5885 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5499 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ... Excludes the overseas territories.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 308655 Excludes the overseas territories. 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 278077 Excludes the overseas territories.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 155.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 148.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 139.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 79.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 76.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 63.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 245631.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 234319.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 11311.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (27.5), Japan (19.2), Republic of Korea (8.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (18.5), United States (11.4), Japan (7.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Urban population (%) 2012 89.4 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 19.0 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 20.6/18.5 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.5 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.3/79.9 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.5 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.8 Age group 16 to 59 years. 2001-2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 4711.5/21.9 Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 28676  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.7/119.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 869 Excludes Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 19.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 399867/18.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 5929.0 Excludes the overseas territories.  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 629  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.4/19.5  
Trade Profile
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