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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Oceania  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 7692060 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 24309 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 3.2 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Capital city 2015 Canberra  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 423  
Currency 2015 Australian Dollar (AUD)  
UN membership date 2013 1 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 1471439  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1291430  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 762114  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 2.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 62290.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 58270.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 37590.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 2.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 3.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 27.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 28.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 27.9 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 70.1 Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 69.1 Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 69.2 Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 2.6 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 3.2  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 3.6  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 20.8 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 21.4  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 21.5  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 69.5 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 68.4  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 68.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 58.7/71.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 58.7/72.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 57.0/72.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 148  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 116 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 115 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 123 Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 111 Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -44138  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -44714  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -43342  
Exports (million US$) 2015 187792.2  
Imports (million US$) 2015 200113.8  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -12321.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 China (32.5), Japan (15.9), Republic of Korea (7.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (23.1), United States (11.3), Japan (7.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Urban population (%) 2015 89.4 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 84.3/79.9 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 51 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 6763.7/28.2 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 6868 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 58419 Asylum-seekers are based on the number of applications lodged for protection visas. Refugee figure refers to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4 Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.4  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 3.3 2011.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.3 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.2/106.9 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 133.7/141.2 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 101.7/72.5 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 26.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 131.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 84.6 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 85.0  
Threatened species 2015 909 Excluding overseas territories.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 16.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 377906/16.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 14368 Excluding overseas territories.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 231.0 Excluding overseas territories.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 29.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.3 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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