Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Oceania  
Currency Australian Dollar (AUD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 7692024 Excludes Norfolk Island.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 23050 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 3.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Canberra (399)  
United Nations membership date 1 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1564419  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1287782  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 759823  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 67869.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 57478.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 37027.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 66051.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 55261.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 35589.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 28.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.96 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.98 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.36 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -57038  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -37176  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -41729  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 141  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 116  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 118 Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 112 Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.1 Average of quarterly estimates. 2009. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.3 Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.3 Average of quarterly estimates. 2009. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.6 Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 71.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 6146 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5885 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5499 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Excludes the overseas territories.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 309315 Excludes the overseas territories.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 277441 Excludes the overseas territories.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 106.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 101.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 90.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 82.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 76.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 63.0 Age group 15 years and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 256242.9  
Imports (million US$) 2012 250464.8  
Balance (million US$) 2012 5778.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (29.6), Japan (19.4), Republic of Korea (8.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (18.4), United States (11.7), Japan (7.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Urban population (%) 2013 89.5 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 19.1 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 20.8/18.7 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.1 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.7/80.2 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.9 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 72.3 Age group 18 to 44 years. 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 6468.6/27.7 Includes Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 55301 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 116.1/119.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 26.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 896 Excludes Christmas and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 19.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 372775/16.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 5502.0 Excludes the overseas territories.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 629 Based on monthly averages for the period 1939-2002.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.4/19.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1939-2002.  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta