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Summary statistics
Region Oceania  
Surface area (sq km) 7692024 Excluding Norfolk Island.  
Population (est., 000) 23630 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.1 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Capital city Canberra  
Capital city pop. (000) 415  
Currency Australian Dollar (AUD)  
UN membership date 1 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1531282  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1290335  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 762377  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 65600.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 57592.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 37151.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 64096.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 55274.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 35707.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 27.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.13 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.98 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.36 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -49558  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -44714  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -43343  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 145  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 116  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 107 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 90 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 108  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.1 2009. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.3 ISIC Rev.3. Average of February, May, August and November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.3 2009. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.6 ISIC Rev.3. Average of February, May, August and November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 71.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 6382 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5790 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5499 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 13374 Excluding the overseas territories. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 12928 Excluding the overseas territories.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 11586 Excluding the overseas territories.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 106.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 100.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 89.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 83.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 76.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 63.0 Population aged 15 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 252155.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 232481.3  
Balance (million US$) 2013 19673.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (34.6), Japan (12.4), Areas nes (12.2) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (19.3), United States (10.2), Japan (7.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Urban population (%) 2014 89.3 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 19.1 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 21.1/19.0 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.0 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.7/80.2 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.9 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 72.3 Age group 18 to 44 years. 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 6468.6/27.7 Including Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) and Norfolk Islands.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 48726 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 117.3/121.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 26.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 906 Excluding Christmas and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 19.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 29.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 369040/16.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 238.0 Excluding the overseas territories.  
Trade Profile
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