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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Surface area (sq km) 2780400  
Population (est., 000) 41803  
Pop. density (per sq km) 15.0  
Capital city Buenos Aires  
Capital city pop. (000) 15024 Refers to Gran Buenos Aires.  
Currency Argentine Peso (ARS)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 611726  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 464616  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 222911  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 9.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 14759.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11507.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5767.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 14503.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11227.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5578.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 17.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 6.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.01 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -4813  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1360  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 5274  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 332 Buenos Aires. Metropolitan areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 249 Buenos Aires. Metropolitan areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 162 Buenos Aires. Metropolitan areas.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 23.4 Average of quarterly estimates. 31 urban agglomerations. Break in series. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.2 ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. 31 urban agglomerations. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.5 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. Second semester. 28 urban agglomerations.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 0.6 Average of quarterly estimates. 31 urban agglomerations. Break in series. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.3 ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. 31 urban agglomerations. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.1 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. Second semester. 28 urban agglomerations.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 75.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 5571  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5325  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3823  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3160 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 3343  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 3609  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 159.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 141.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 57.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 59.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 45.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 17.7  
Exports (million US$) 2013 76633.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 73655.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 2978.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Brazil (21.2), China (7.2), United States (5.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Brazil (26.0), China (15.4), United States (10.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 91.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 24.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 17.4/13.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 95.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.8/72.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 78.9 2004-2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1885.7/4.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 4407  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 117.4/113.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 60.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 5.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 36.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 243  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 10.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 5.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 97.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 190035/4.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 82.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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