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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2381741  
Population (est., 000) 39929  
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.8  
Capital city Algiers  
Capital city pop. (000) 2559 Refers to the Governorate of Grand Algiers.  
Currency Algerian Dinar (DZD)  
UN membership date 8 October 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 208764  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 161207  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 103198  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 5324.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4349.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3038.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 5228.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4347.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2903.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 34.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 36.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 78.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 74.94 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 73.38 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 869  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 12308  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 21180  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 176  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 146  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 103 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 103 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 158  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 159  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 9.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 15.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 30.9 Fourth quarter. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 33.1 Fourth quarter. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 26.0 2004. ISIC Rev.3. September.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 10.8 Fourth quarter. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 11.7 Fourth quarter. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.7 2004. ISIC Rev.3. September.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 15.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 14.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 12.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 72.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2634 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad. 2012.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2070 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1443 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 5928 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 6200  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 7534  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 102.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 88.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 40.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 16.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 12.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 5.8  
Exports (million US$) 2013 65998.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 54910.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 11088.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Spain (15.7), Italy (13.7), United Kingdom (10.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (12.4), France (11.4), Italy (10.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 70.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.9/7.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 102.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.6/69.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 26.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 61.4 2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 270.4/0.7 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 98038 According to the Government of Algeria, there are an estimated 165,000 Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 104.2/104.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 59.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 31.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 113  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 0.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 7.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 84.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 95.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 121755/3.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 50.0  
Trade Profile
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