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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 28748  
Population (est., 000) 3185  
Pop. density (per sq km) 110.8  
Capital city Tirana  
Capital city pop. (000) 445  
Currency Lek (ALL)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 12904  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 11927  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8094  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 4066.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3786.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2532.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 4077.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3748.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2583.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 24.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 28.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 34.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 101.86 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 104.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 103.58 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1378  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1353  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -571  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 145  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 135  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 174 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 50 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 16.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 14.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 12.5  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.8 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 13.5 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 41.5 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 58.5 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 44.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 45.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 65.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 65.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 3256 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad. Including in-transit visitors.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2417 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad. Including in-transit visitors.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 748 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad. Including in-transit visitors.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 68 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 68  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 48  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 116.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 85.5 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 47.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 60.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 45.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 2331.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 4880.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -2549.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Italy (46.3), Spain (9.8), Serbia (7.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Italy (33.1), Greece (8.9), China (6.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 56.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 20.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 16.5/15.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/74.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 69.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 96.8/3.1 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 7839  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 79.0/81.1 2001.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 55.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 5.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 20.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 109  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 28.3  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 96.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 91.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 4668/1.5  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 27.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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