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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 28748  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 2904  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 106.0  
Capital city 2015 Tirana  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 454  
Currency 2015 Lek (ALL)  
UN membership date 2013 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 13413  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 11927  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8094  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 4641.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4110.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2626.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 22.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 20.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 20.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 26.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 28.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 33.5  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 50.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 50.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 46.4  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 44.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2009.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 58.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 19.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2009.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 13.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 36.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2009.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 27.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 17.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 14.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 13.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 40.4/60.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 44.1/63.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 47.6/68.5 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 147  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 135  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 127 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 128 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 355  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 200  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1703  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1353  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -571  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1929.7  
Imports (million US$) 2015 4320.2  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -2390.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Italy (50.9), Serbia (9.9), Spain (5.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Italy (30.3), China (8.6), Turkey (8.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Urban population (%) 2015 57.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 80.2/75.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 45  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 57.6/2.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 3341 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 8098  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.9  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.1  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.5 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 111.2/113.7  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 92.6/100.0  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 73.8/52.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 4.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 20.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 105.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 60.1 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 4.0  
Threatened species 2015 112  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 28.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 4815/1.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 85  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 35.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 1.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.0/95.2  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.5/90.2  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 2.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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