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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Lek (ALL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 28748  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3162  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 110.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tirana (419)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 12044  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 11762  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8159  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3809.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3733.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2552.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3813.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3707.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2603.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 32.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 31.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 37.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 105.85 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 104.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 103.58 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1314  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1353  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -571  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 142  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 135  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 126 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2011.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 140 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 13.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Official estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 41.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 58.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Official estimates.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 45.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 45.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 65.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 65.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 3514 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad. Includes in transit visitors.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2417 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad. Includes in transit visitors.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 748 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad. Includes in transit visitors.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1420  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 915  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 108.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 84.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 48.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 54.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 45.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.0  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1967.9  
Imports (million US$) 2012 4879.8  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -2911.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Italy (51.1), Spain (9.2), Serbia (8.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Italy (31.9), Greece (9.5), China (6.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.0  
Urban population (%) 2013 55.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 20.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 15.9/14.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/74.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 69.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 96.8/3.1 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 7631  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 79.0/81.1 2001.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/7.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 20.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 109  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 28.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 4280/1.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 525.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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