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Map
Afghanistan
Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Afghani (AFN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 652864  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32358  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 49.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kabul (3097)  
United Nations membership date 19 November 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 18949  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16078  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6622  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 586.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 512.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 240.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 560.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 450.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 240.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 15.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 49.04 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 45.27 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 50.41 Principal rate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 107  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 15.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 15.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 13.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.6  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 420 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 85  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 54.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 5.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 4.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 375.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 6390.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6014.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Pakistan (48.0), India (18.7), Russian Federation (8.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Pakistan (13.7), Russian Federation (12.6), Uzbekistan (11.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population (%) 2012 23.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 3.9/3.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 107.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 49.5/49.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 124.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 22.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 90.9/0.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1548374  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 57.0/89.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 18.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.9/3.7 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 36  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6309/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 71.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 312  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.3/19.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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